The Bomb

Most people in the United States are thankful for the atomic bombs that they believe brought an end to the Second World War. If Americans had known what was going on behind the scenes, perhaps they might have felt differently about the use of these weapons. The Second World War had to be prolonged so that the world could witness the power of the newly developed bombs. The Emperor of Japan sent a request for surrender to the Potsdam Conference in Berlin. If doors had opened then for diplomacy and negotiation, thousands of American deaths between July 16th and August 14th, 1945 when the Japanese finally capitulated, could have been avoided. The United States citizens are being told to this day that by using these bombs countless American lives were saved. Russia declared war on Japan on August 8th, and began the invasion of Japan on August 9th. Truman knew that a U.S. invasion of Japan would not have been necessary to defeat this already defeated country.

The following passages are taken from a book available in the Library of Congress, Foreign Relations of the United States, Diplomatic Papers, The Conference of Berlin, (The Potsdam Conference), 1945, (In Two Volumes).

Page 875
No. 582
761.94/7-2145:Telegram
The Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs (Togo) to the Japanese Ambassador in the Soviet Union (Sato)
SECRET
URGENT

"Not having seen the telegram regarding the meeting with Molotov, I feel as though I am sending troops out without sufficient reconnaissance. Much as I dislike doing so, I find I must proceed at this time and would like to have you convey to the Soviet side before the Three-Power Conference begins the matter concerning the Imperial wishes for the termination of the war. The substance of the following should be borne in mind as appropriate in your direct explanation to Molotov:

“His Majesty the Emperor is greatly concerned over the daily increasing calamities and sacrifices faced by the citizens of the various belligerent countries in this present war, and it is His Majesty’s heart’s desire to see the swift termination of the war. In the Greater East Asia War, however, as long as America and England insist on unconditional surrender, our country has no alternative but to see it through in an all-out effort for the sake of survival and the honor of the homeland. The resulting enormous bloodshed of the citizens of the belligerent powers would indeed be contrary to His Majesty’s desires, and so it is His Majesty’s earnest hope that peace may be restored as speedily as possible for the welfare of mankind.

“The above imperial wishes are rooted not only in His Majesty’s benevolence toward his subjects but in his sincere desire for the happiness of mankind, and he intends to dispatch Prince Fuminaro Konoye as special envoy and his suite. (The list of members of the special envoy’s suite will be cabled later.) Furthermore, though it is not possible for the special envoy to reach Moscow before the Russian authorities leave there for the Three-Power-Conference, arrangements must be made so that the special envoy may meet them as soon as they return to Moscow. It is desired therefore that the special envoy and his suite make the trip by plane. You will request the Soviet Government to send an airplane for them as far as Manchoouli or Tsitshar.”

Truman and his advisors were aware of the above request by Emperor Hirohito on July 16th at the Potsdam Conference. This summit between Truman, Churchill, and Stalin was convened to divide up the spoils of the war in Europe and determine the fate of Japan. On that day, now known as "Trinity Day", Truman was passed a note at the conference table that said, "It's a boy". This was the code that indicated that the secret new weapon, the plutonium bomb, just tested at dawn at the Trinity Site in the white sands of Alamagordo, New Mexico, had been a success. This newfound source of military power determined the outcome of the summit. Truman knew that fear of the devastation caused by atomic weapons would give the United States the military supremacy of the world, and thus he made few compromises at this Conference. Unlike what the popular news of the day espoused, the bombs dropped on Japan did not save American lives. The Japanese had been brought to their knees and were an utterly defeated nation on the verge of starvation. The unconditional surrender that the US Government demanded was for the Japanese to give up their Emperor, the religious figurehead of their culture - like demanding that Catholics turn their Pope over to an enemy.

The Japanese people believe that their Emperor is a direct descendent of the Goddess Amaterasu, the Goddess of the Sun. This is a core belief of their Shinto religion. Knowing that the Japanese could never give over their deity to the enemy, and accept such terms for a surrender, the US forced them to fight with even greater venom to the bitter end. American warships were sunk by kamakazi pilots between July 16th and August 14th when the Japanese capitulated and accepted the terms of the unconditional surrender. Two atomic bombs had destroyed the cities of Hiroshima on August 6th and Nagasaki on August 9th, 1945. These atomic bombs did bring an end to the Second World War, but it was not necessary to use them to achieve this result. The real reason that these bombs were used was to show the world, primarily Russia, the devastating effects of these weapons. Fat Man and Little Boy, as these weapons were called, were really the first shots of the Cold War between Russia and the United States.

The following quote made in a public statement by Admiral William Leahy, the Nation's highest military leader, mirrors the public statements of many other of the most prominent military leaders, including Dwight D. Eisenhower.

“It is my opinion that the use of this barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender...

“My own feeling was that in being the first to use it, we had adopted an ethical standard common to the barbarians of the Dark Ages. I was not taught to make war in that fashion, and war cannot be won by destroying women and children..."

Fifty years after these war atrocities were committed, the entire story of what was going on behind the scenes became available for the asking. Highly credentialed and respected historian Gar Alperovitz has written, The Decision to use the Atomic Bomb, a comprehensive and definitive history of the motivations behind the use of these weapons.


Bradbury Science Museum - The Museum of Los Alamos National Laboratory - Public Forum Wall

installation

panel

 


Below is the text found on the panels pictured above:

Emperor Hirohito’s
Surrender
Telegram
to the Three Party
Conference in Potsdam

Library of Congress
Foreign Relations of the United States
Diplomatic Papers,
The Conference of Berlin,
(The Potsdam Conference), 1945,
(In Two Volumes).
Page 875 No. 582 761.94/7-2145:

Telegram
The Japanese Minister of Foreign
Affairs (Togo) to the Japanese
Ambassador in the Soviet Union (Sato) 

SECRET URGENT

His Majesty the Emperor is greatly concerned over the daily increasing calamities and sacrifices faced by the citizens of the various belligerent countries in this present war, and it is His Majesty’s heart’s desire to see the swift termination of the war.

“In the Greater East Asia War, however, as long as America and England insist on unconditional surrender, our country has no alternative but to see it through in an all-out effort for the sake of survival and the honor of the homeland. The resulting enormous bloodshed of the citizens of the belligerent powers would indeed be contrary to His Majesty’s desires, and so it is His Majesty’s earnest hope that peace may be restored as speedily as possible for the welfare of mankind.

“The above imperial wishes are rooted not only in His Majesty’s benevolence toward his subjects but in his sincere desire for the happiness of mankind, and he intends to dispatch Prince Fuminaro Konoye as special envoy and his suite.”

Truman and his advisors were quite aware of the Japanese request for surrender from Emperor Hirohito on July 16th, 1945, at the Potsdam Conference where Truman, Churchill and Stalin had convened to divide up the spoils of the victorious war in Europe and to determine the fate of Japan.


July 16th, 1945, Trinity Day
Truman received a note at the Potstam Conference table,
"It's a boy!"

This was code indicating that the secret new weapon tested at dawn at the Trinity Site in the White Sands of Alamogrdo, New Mexico had been a crowning success. With this new source of military might, the US immediately gained undeniable military supremacy of the world. Truman made few compromises at the Potsdam Conference. The unconditional surrender that Truman demanded of the Japanese stipulated that they surrender to the US their Emperor, the religious—not political—figurehead of their culture.

Truman knew the Japanese would never accept this demand.  In fact, this stipulation compelled the Japanese to fight with greater venom to the bitter end. So between July 16th, Trinity Day, and August 14th, when the Japanese finally capitulated, the war raged on.  Kamikaze pilots continued to deliver direct hits to the US Navy.  American lives were lost—not saved—as the history books have told us.  The Russians were poised to launch an all-out invasion of Japan. They declared war on Japan August 8th, and began the invasion on August 9th. Truman knew that a US invasion of Japan would not have been necessary to defeat this already defeated country.

So technically the two atomic bombs, Fat Man and Little Boy, did ultimately bring an end to the Second World War.  But their real function was to demonstrate absolute US military supremacy—firstly to Stalin and the Soviets—and to the rest of the world.  A few weeks after the Japanese surrendered, Truman reinstated Emperor Hirohito.

These two atomic bombs were the first two shots of the Cold War. The ensuing arms race between the United States and Russia severely depleted the resources of both countries, while placing enormous power and concentration of wealth into the hands of nuclear industrial contractors.  A for-profit nuclear industrial contractor, Bechtel Corporation, with a sordid history of corporate profiteering and mismanagement, manages the Los Alamos National Laboratories.

Eight more Nuclear Weapons States have proliferated, flushing precious resources down the nuclear black hole, polluting  the earth, the water, the air with the enduring scourge of nuclear contamination—creating nothing that will benefit their citizens or humankind.

Fifty years after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the behind-the-scenes story was de-classified. Based on these released documents, highly respected and credentialed historian, Gar Alperovitz, authored a comprehensive and definitive history of the motivations behind the use of these weapons, The Decision to use the Atomic Bomb.


Admiral William D. Leahy
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,
the Nation's highest military leader in WWII.

"It is my opinion that the use of this barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender because of the effective sea blockade and the successful bombing with conventional weapons."

“... in being the first to use it, we had adopted an ethical standard common to the barbarians of the Dark Ages"

William D. Leahy, I Was There, pg. 441


General Douglas MacArthur
Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in the Pacific in WWII

"MacArthur's views about the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were starkly different from what the general public supposed.

"When I asked General MacArthur about the decision to drop the bomb, I was surprised to learn he had not even been consulted.

"What, I asked, would his advice have been?

"He replied that he saw no military justification for the dropping of the bomb. The war might have ended weeks earlier, he said, if the United States had agreed, as it later did anyway, to the retention of the institution of the emperor."

Norman Cousins, The Pathology of Power, pg. 65, 70-71
Norman Cousins was a consultant to General MacArthur during the US occupation of Japan.


General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

“Japan was at the moment seeking some way to surrender with minimum loss of 'face'. It wasn't necessary to hit them with that awful thing.”

President
Dwight D. Eisenhower Quotes

“Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. This is not a way of life at all in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron.”
Apr. 16, 1953

“We could make no more tragic mistake than merely to concentrate on military strength. For if we did only this, the future would hold nothing for the world but an Age of Terror.”
State of the Union Address, Jan. 9, 1958

“In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist...”

“The problem in defense is how far you can go without destroying from within what you are trying to defend from without.”
Farewell Address, January 17, 1961

“To remain secure and prosperous themselves, wealthy nations must extend the kind of cooperation to the less fortunate members that will inspire hope, confidence and progress. A rich nation can for a time, without noticeable damage to itself, pursue a course of self- indulgence, making its single goal the material ease and comfort of its own citizens—thus repudiating its own spiritual and material stake in a peaceful and prosperous society of nations. But the enmities it will incur, the isolation into which it will descend, and the internal moral and physical softness that will be engendered, will, in the long term, bring it to disaster.”
State of the Union Address, Jan. 7, 1961

“No people on Earth can be held, as a people, to be an enemy, for all
humanity shares the common hunger for peace and fellowship and justice.”
Speech, Apr. 16, 1953

“When people speak to you about a preventive war, you tell them to go and fight it. After my experience, I have come to hate war. War settles nothing.”

“I like to believe that people in the long run are going to do more to promote peace than our governments. Indeed, I think that people want peace so much that one of these days governments had better get out of the way and let them have it.”


If the very existence of nuclear weapons
has supposedly prevented another World War...
why

since the inception of the nuclear bomb has United States of America been directly involved militarily in wars in at least 34 countries...
Korea
Guatemala
Iran
Haiti
Cuba
Thailand
Indonesia
Congo
Peru
Laos
Vietnam
Cambodia
Lebanon
Grenada
Libya
El Salvador
Nicaragua
Panama
Dominican Republic
Chile
Bolivia
Angola
Bosnia
Saudi Arabia
Kuwait
Afghanistan
Somalia
Yugoslavia
Macedonia
Sudan
Yemen
Philippines
Liberia
Chad
Iraq 
and funds wars that channel US manufactured arms to Colombia, Mexico and Israel?
This has been a protracted World War for global domination.

The United States has been far-and-away the world leader in the development of weapons of mass destruction.  The continued development of these weapons by our country holds the rest of the world in fear, has greatly increased enmity toward the US, has been the cause of nuclear proliferation and terrorism, and has shredded the fabric of global potentials for cooperative security for which the rest of the world yearns.

 

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